A Classification of American Wealth
History and genealogy of the wealthy families of America - Sponsors


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  Encyclopedia of American Wealth > Wealth Classification / List of Individuals ( 1776 )
The Signersí of the Declaration of Independence wealth
 56 individuals listed (1776)

Name 

 Age

Residence

Fortune (£) Activity   Source of wealth
1. Charles Carroll (III) of Carrolton

 39

  Maryland

110,000 

 

 Landowner 80'000 acres in Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York; Doughoregan and Carrolton manors; a share in the Baltimore Iron Works 
2. Robert Morris

 42

  Pennsylvania

110,000 

 

 Shipping merchant, banker and land speculator Willing & Morris; Bank of North America; North American Land Co (owned over 2 million acres speculative land in the West) 
3. John Hancock

 40

  Massachusetts

78,000 

 

 Inheritance Thomas Hancock & Co 
4. Thomas Nelson jr

 38

  Virginia

75,000 

 

 Plantations Large plantations with over 400 slaves in York Co, Va; Offley Hoo and another plantation in Hanover Co, Va 
5. Francis Lewis

 63

  New York

67,000 

 

 Shipping Trade Lewis & Annesley; 5'000 acres from a British land grant 
6. Lewis Morris III

 50

  New York

60,000 

 

 Manor Lord Morrisania 
7. Philip Livingston jr

 60

  New York

53,000 

 

 Merchant 120'000 acres in New York state 
8. Benjamin Harrison V

 50

  Virginia

45,000 

 

 Plantations Berkeley Hundred (6 plantations with at least 17'000 acres and 188 slaves) 
9. George Clymer

 37

  Pennsylvania

40,000 

 

 Shipping Trade Merediths & Clymer; land in Northumberland, Pa 
10. Carter Braxton

 40

  Virginia

30,000 

 

 Planter and Shipping Merchant "Elsing Green" and "Chericoke"plantations; several ships 
11. Elbridge Gerry

 32

  Massachusetts

20,000 

 

 Shipping Trade A mercantile concern with several ships at Marblehead, Mass. 
12. Joseph Hewes

 46

  North Carolina

20,000 

 

 Shipping Trade A merchant house and a shipyard at Edenton, N.C.; several ships 
13. William Whipple (jr)

 46

  New Hampshire

20,000 

 

 Shipping Trade Inherited from Cutt (ship-building) fortune; slave vessels and J & W. Whipple (West India trading) 
14. James Wilson

 34

  Pennsylvania

20,000 

 

 Jurist Speculative land holdings in association with Robert Morris 
15. Benjamin Franklin

 70

  Pennsylvania

16,500 

 

 Printing and real estate Philadelphia Gazette and Philadelphia real estate 
16. Thomas Heyward II

 30

  South Carolina

15,000 

 

 Law and plantations Inherited rice plantations with at least 150 slaves 
17. Thomas Jefferson

 33

  Virginia

15,000 

 

 Plantations Inherited Shadwell from father, plus 11'000 acres and 135 slaves(incl. Poplar Forest) from his wife; established Monticello (5'000 acres/130 slaves) 
18. Thomas Lynch jr (III)

 27

  South Carolina

15,000 

 

 Lawyer and planter Inherited proceeds from Hopsewee (rice and indigo) plantation; Peachtree plantation; a law practice 
19. Edward Rutledge

 27

  South Carolina

15,000 

 

 Lawyer and landowner A successful law practice; plantations in association with Charles Cotesworth Pinckney whose wife was a sister of Mrs Rutledge 
20. Richard Henry Lee

 44

  Virginia

13,500 

 

 Plantations Chantilly (leased) + land in Prince William county 
21. Arthur Middleton II of Middleton Place

 34

  South Carolina

10,000 

 

 Inheritance (Plantations) Inherited "Middleton Place" plantation 
22. William Paca

 36

  Maryland

10,000 

 

 Jurist Large inheritance and a successful law practice 
23. Richard Stockton

 46

  New Jersey

10,000 

 

 Lawyer A very successful law practice and an inherited estate near Princeton NJ 
24. Matthew Thornton

 62

  New Hampshire

10,000 

 

 Medicine A successful medical practice and much land in Londonderry, NH 
25. George Wythe

 50

  Virginia

10,000 

 

 Lawyer Inherited plantation in Elizabeth City Co; successful law practice in Williamsburg 
26. Francis Lightfoot Lee

 42

  Virginia

7,000 

 

 Plantations Menokin and land in Loudoun county 
27. William Ellery

 49

  Rhode Island

5,000 

 

 Jurist Inheritance from his father who was a successful shipping merchant in Newport RI 
28. William Floyd

 42

  New York

5,000 

 

 Farmer A 4'000 acres farm in Suffolk County, Long Island, NY 
29. Lyman Hall

 52

  Georgia

5,000 

 

 Medicine and plantations A medical practice in Sunbury, Ga; Knoll Hall's (rice) plantation (sold 1785) ; later Shell Bluff plantation 
30. William Williams

 45

  Connecticut

5,000 

 

 Merchant mercantile business in Lebanon, Ct 
31. Francis Hopkinson

 39

  New Jersey

3,000 

 

 Lawyer Inheritance from father, a wealthy lawyer from Philadelphia 
32. Roger Sherman

 55

  Connecticut

3,000 

 

 Merchant and lawyer Country store with brother; law practice and considerable land holdings 
33. James Smith

 57

  Pennsylvania

3,000 

 

 Law and Iron manufacturing Only lawyer practicing at York, Pa; Extensive iron manufactury on Coderus Creek 
34. Thomas Stone

 33

  Maryland

3,000 

 

 Lawyer and Planter "Havre-de-Venture" plantation; a law practice 
35. George Taylor

 60

  Pennsylvania

3,000 

 

 Ironmaster Savage Iron Works at Durham, Pa; unprofitable irown works in Northumberalnd Co, Pa 
36. Caesar Rodney

 48

  Delaware

2,000 

 

 Public Official Inherited "Byfield" plantation (800 acres) near Dover, Del 
37. John Adams

 41

  Massachusetts

1,000 

 

 Lawyer Inherited a farm and had a successful law practice 
38. Josiah Bartlett

 47

  New Hampshire

1,000 

 

 Medicine A medical practice in Kingston, NH 
39. Samuel Chase

 35

  Maryland

1,000 

 

 Jurist A law practice at Annapolis, Md 
40. Button Gwinnett

 41

  Georgia

1,000 

 

 Plantations A moderately successful plantation on St. Catherine Island, Ga bought on credit 
41. John Hart

 65

  New Jersey

1,000 

 

 Farmer A farm and gristmill in Hunterdon County NJ 
42. William Hooper

 34

  North Carolina

1,000 

 

 lawyer A law practice at Wilmington NC 
43. Stephen Hopkins

 69

  Rhode Island

1,000 

 

 Jurist and printer Providence Gazette and Country Journal 
44. Samuel Huntington

 45

  Connecticut

1,000 

 

 Jurist A law practice in Norwich, Ct 
45. Thomas McKean

 41

  Delaware

1,000 

 

 Lawyer A law practice 
46. John Morton

 52

  Pennsylvania

1,000 

 

 Jurist, Public official A farm in Delaware Co, Pa 
47. George Read

 43

  Delaware

1,000 

 

 Jurist A law practice at Newcastle, Del; renounced to his share in family heirloom 
48. George Ross

 46

  Pennsylvania

1,000 

 

 Jurist A law practice at Lancaster, Pa 
49. Dr Benjamin Rush

 30

  Pennsylvania

1,000 

 

 Medical doctor A medical practice 
50. Abraham Clark

 50

  New Jersey

200 

 

 Public Official Inherited a farm; acquired no significant property 
51. John Penn

 35

  North Carolina

200 

 

 Lawyer Inherited a modest plantation; acquired no significant property 
52. Samuel Adams

 54

  Massachusetts

100 

 

 Public official, brewer Inherited a brewery from his father but failed in business 
53. Robert Treat Paine

 45

  Massachusetts

100 

 

 Lawyer Inherited a failing mercantile business; acquired no significant property 
54. George Walton

 35

  Georgia

100 

 

 Lawyer no significant property in 1776 but acquired confiscated Loyalist property near Augusta, Ga and built a country estate there in the 1790's 
55. John Witherspoon

 53

  New Jersey

100 

 

 Clergyman and educator no significant property 
56. Oliver Wolcott

 50

  Connecticut

100 

 

 Public official and soldier Member of a wealthy and distinguished family; no significant property (himself) 
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